DISTRIBUTION TO OWNERS Definition

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DISTRIBUTION TO OWNERS is payment of earnings to owners of a business organization in the form of a dividend. A dividend is a distribution to a corporations stockholders usually in cash; sometimes in the corporations stock and much less frequently in property (usually other securities).

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COST-VOLUME-PROFIT ANALYSIS (CVPA) examines the behavior of total revenue, total costs and profit as changes occur in the output level, selling price and variable costs per unit or fixed costs.

DEBT RATIO measures the percent of total funds provided by creditors. Debt includes both current liabilities and long-term debt. Creditors prefer low debt ratios because the lower the ratio, the greater the cushion against creditors losses in liquidation. Owners may seek high debt ratios, either to magnify earnings or because selling new stock would mean giving up control. Owners want control while "using someone elses money." Debt Ratio is best compared to industry data to determine if a company is possibly over or under leveraged. The right level of debt for a business depends on many factors. Some advantages of higher debt levels are:

  • The deductibility of interest from business expenses can provide tax advantages.
  • Returns on equity can be higher.
  • Debt can provide a suitable source of capital to start or expand a business.

Some disadvantages can be:

  • Sufficient cash flow is required to service a higher debt load.
  • The need for this cash flow can place pressure on a business if income streams are erratic.
  • Susceptibility to interest rate increases.
  • Directing cash flow to service debt may starve expenditure in other areas such as development which can be detrimental to overall survival of the business.

 Formula: Total Liabilities / (Total Liabilities + Stockholders Equity)

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