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DUAL PURPOSE TEST is when audit procedures are classified both as substantive tests and tests of controls. When an audit procedure provides both types of evidence it is a dual purpose test.

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FIXED INCOME is any type of investment that yields a regular (fixed) payment. For example, if you borrow money and have to pay interest once a month, you have issued a fixed income security. When a company does this, it is called a bond (although preferred stock is also sometimes considered to be fixed income). The term fixed income is also applied to peoples income which is invariant each period. This could include income derived from fixed income investments such as bonds and preferred stocks or pensions that guarantee a fixed income. See NON-FIXED INCOME.

SIGNATURE LOAN is a loan secured by the borrower with nothing more than the signature of that borrower.

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