DUALITY CONCEPT is the foundation of the universally applicable double entry book keeping system. It stems from the fact that every transaction has a double (or dual) effect on the position of a business as recorded in the accounts. For example, when an asset is bought, another asset cash (or bank) is also and simultaneously decreased OR a liability such as creditors is also and simultaneously increased. Similarly, when a sale is made the asset of stock is reduced as goods leave the business and the asset of cash is increased (or the asset of debtors is increased) as cash comes into the business (or a promise to pay is made and accepted). Every financial transaction behaves in this dual way.
GAIN is: a. the amount by which the revenue of a business exceeds its cost of operating; b. rise in rate or price; c. earn on some commercial or business transaction; d. earn as salary or wages.
MANNING VARIANCE is the difference between the amount of time that was expected to be worked at a machine-paced workcenter, based on the amount of receipts of the parent part, and the actual amount of labor hours recorded at the workcenter.
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