ECONOMIC ENTITY Definition

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ECONOMIC ENTITY accounting concept that provides context or 'point of view' for the economic events (i.e., transactions) captured by the financial statements. In short, it answers the questions, 'Whose asset is it?'; 'Whose liability is it?'

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SEPARATE DETERMINATION CONCEPT holds that each component of any category of assets or liabilities should be valued separately when arriving at a total to be shown in the accounts for that category. For example, the value of each stock item should be calculated individually (at the lower of cost and net realizable value) and these values should then be totaled to give the stock figure which will appear in the accounts. Stock should not be valued at the lower of total cost and total NRV.

GLOBAL FUND is a (mutual) fund that can invest in companies located anywhere in the world, including the home country, e.g. the United States. Whereas, an International Fund is a (mutual) fund that can invest only outside the home country.

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