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EFFECTIVE INTEREST RATE is the cost of credit on a yearly basis expressed as a percentage. Includes up-front costs paid to obtain the loan, and is, therefore, usually a higher amount than the interest rate stipulated in the note.

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NON-INTEREST BEARING BOND is a bond issued at a discount from its par value and not paying any interest to the holder. The interest earned is determined by the difference between the redemption price and the purchased price. U.S. Treasury bills are an example of non-interest bearing bonds.

PERCENTAGE OF COMPLETION METHOD OF ACCOUNTING is instituted if your revenues exceed $10,000,000 (3-year average) or your contracts will not be completed within a two-year period, you are generally required to use the percentage of completion accounting for contracts. There are many advantages to using to percentage of completion method including: a. It is the best measurement of income; b. Percentage of completion normally needs to be computed for financial statement purposes eliminating confusing timing differences from tax to financial statements; c. There is no increase in alternative minimum taxable income; d. Losses can be recognized on contracts before the job is complete; e. It is useful in leveling taxable income, permitting use of lower tax brackets each year. When using the percentage of completion method, it is important to carefully compute the percent complete, for it may have a great impact on your taxable income. Estimated costs to complete the contract, a component of calculating the percent to complete, determine what your taxable income will be. Also, carefully reviewing the over-head allocation may result in lower tax.

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