EFFECTIVE INTERNAL CONTROL Definition

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EFFECTIVE INTERNAL CONTROL is reasonable assurance that operational objectives are achieved, that published financial statements are reliably prepared, and that the entity complies with applicable laws and regulations.

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ECONOMIC ENTITY accounting concept that provides context or 'point of view' for the economic events (i.e., transactions) captured by the financial statements. In short, it answers the questions, 'Whose asset is it?'; 'Whose liability is it?'

4 Cs OF CREDIT are the four primary considerations that will affect a lenders decision to approve or decline your loan application. Known as the 4 C's of credit:

  1. Capacity - what is your ability to repay the loan? Do you have a job or another income source? Do you have other debts?
  2. Character - will you repay the loan? Have you used credit before? Do you pay your bills on time?
  3. Collateral - if you fail to repay your loan, is there something of value that you agree to forfeit? For example, if you are buying your first car, it could be used as collateral to insure that you will repay the loan. If you default, you lose your car.
  4. Capital (accumulation) - what are you worth? Do you have other assets, such as a savings account, car, or certificate of deposit that could be used to repay the debt?

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