EMPLOYEE STOCK OWNERSHIP PLAN (ESOP) is an employee benefit to acquire ownership of shares in their company without necessarily laying out personal capital.
OVERAGE is that amount, as in money or goods, that is actually on hand and exceeds the desired or listed amount in records or books. Also known as SURPLUS.
ANOMALY, generally, is a deviation from the common rule. It is an irregularity that is difficult to explain using existing rules or theory. In securities, it is an unexplained or unexpected price or rate relationship that seems to offer an opportunity for an arbitrage-type profit, although not typically without risk. Examples include the tendency of small stocks to outperform large stocks, of stocks with low price-to-book value ratios to outperform stocks with high price-to-book value ratios, and of discount currency forward contracts to outperform premium currency forward contracts.
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