ENCUMBERED is when an asset is owned by one party subject to the legal claims of another party. One example is a homeowner that owns a home that is subject to (encumbered by) the claims of the mortgage holder.
BILL OF MATERIALS (BOM) is a listing of all the assemblies, sub-assemblies, parts, and raw materials that are needed to produce one unit of a finished product. Each finished product has its own bill of materials.
OTHER LONG-TERM ASSETS includes long-term assets not included into the investments, fixed, or intangible assets categories. Those other assets may be that part of prepaid expenses that will start expiring more than a year after the balance sheet date, or the cash surrender value of life insurance on company officers, etc.
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