ENDORSEMENT, dependent upon usage, can be: a. a signature that validates something, e.g. a bank cashier will not cash a check without an endorsement; b. a promotional statement, e.g. as found on the dust jackets of books; or, c. formal and explicit approval.
PROVISION, generally, is to prepare in advance for an event that is projected to take place in the future. In accounting, it is an amount charged against profits for a specific liability (for example: bad debts, depreciation or taxes). A liability may be known, but the amount is often uncertain. This uncertainty may lead to an adjustment in a later income statement once the final amount of the liability is ascertained.
TRUE AND FAIR VIEW is one of the most prominent principles of accounting. It suggests that an enterprise should provide a true and fair view about its financial conditions and operating results. The concept of true and fair view does not mean absolute truth about enterprises. Financial statements are a product of managements judgments and estimates. The principle of true and fair view requires comparative truth about the enterprises picture. True and fair view is rather defined operationally; it is thought to be accomplished by complying with all other lower accounting principles.
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