ENVIRONMENT, in an accounting control assessment, is the attitude, awareness, and actions of the board, management, owners, and others about importance of control. It
includes integrity and ethical rules, commitment to competence, board or audit committee participation, organization structure, assignment of authority and responsibility, and human resource policies and practices.
INVESTMENT is the purchase of real property, stocks, bonds, collectible annuities, mutual fund shares, etc, with the expectation of realizing income or capital gain, or both, in the future. Investment is longer term and usually less risky than speculation.
MONITOR, generally, is to keep tabs on; keep an eye on; or, keep under surveillance. In business, it is a person or firm appointed to review and report on, without controlling or approving, the day-to-day transactions of a business. Particulars of the engagement are usually set out in an exchange of letters, an agreement or court order.
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