EQUIPMENT is generally determined by the meeting of three tests: a. Has an acquisition cost that is equal to or more than the cost hurdle for classifying capitalized assets. Includes: Invoice amount, sales tax, freight costs, installation costs, costs for the initial complement of supplies needed to place the asset into service, accessory and auxiliary apparatus necessary to make it usable for the purpose for which it was acquired; less trade or trade in discounts and/or educational allowances Excludes: Federal Excise tax, duty, insurance, maintenance and warranty costs; and, b. Has a useful life of two or more years If the item will not have a useful life of more than two years it is considered expendable material, even if it costs more than the level for determining a capital asset; and, c. Is a stand alone item. The item is not permanently attached to or integrated into a building or structure.
MANUFACTURING STATEMENT see MANUFACTURING ACCOUNT.
COMMERCIAL INVOICE, generally, is the sellers bill of sale for the goods sold, specifying type of goods, quantity and price of each type and terms of sale. In import/export, it represents a complete record of the transaction between exporter and importer with regard to the goods sold. Also reports the content of the shipment and serves as the basis for all other documents about the shipment.
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