EQUITY FINANCING is a method of an entity obtaining funds by issuing either common or preferred stock, or both. Receipts can be through cash, services, or property. It is in the entities best interest to issue shares when the market price for the stock is at its highest.
COMPENSATING BALANCES are the funds a business might be required to keep in a deposit or reserve account to help offset what the bank perceives as risk. The lender might require that an amount based on the business' average account balance or a certain percentage of the face value of the loan be maintained in a deposit account.
INSTALLMENT SALE is selling property and receiving the sales price over a series of payments, instead of all at once at the close of the sale, is an installment sale. As the seller, unless you elect out, you will report the gain on that transaction as you receive it through the series of payments. As the buyer, you will usually pay interest on the unpaid balance.
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