ESTATE TAXES are the Federal taxes levied on the transfer of property from the deceased to his or her heirs, legatees or devisees.

COST PER OUTCOME links the unit-level economics of an operation with the impact that the organization wishes to have. For example, a nonprofit that delivers meals to the elderly might measure its impact by the number of meals served. To arrive at its cost per outcome, therefore, it would divide the full cost of its meals program by the number of meals it serves.

STATISTICAL is making inferences in uncertain situations using applied mathematics. Measurements from a small group (the sample) are used to infer the behavior of a larger group, the population. Probability theory determines how well the sample represents the population.

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