EXAMINATION, in an audit, is evaluating the preparation of prospective statements, support underlying assumptions, and presentation. The accountant reports whether, in his
or her opinion, the statements conform to AICPA guidelines and assumptions provide a reasonable basis for the responsible party's forecast. The accountant should be independent, proficient, plan the engagement, supervise assistants, and obtain sufficient evidence to provide a reasonable basis for the report.
STATED CAPITAL is the declared total amount of money or other resources owned or used to acquire future income or benefits.
CONTRACTUAL ALLOWANCE, in healthcare, is the difference between what hospitals bill and what they receive in payment from third party payers, most commonly government programs; also known as contractual adjustment.
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