EXCESS OF REVENUE OVER EXPENSES in the not-for-profit sector. There is a common misconception that not-for-profit organizations are not allowed to have a financial cushion as they are 'not-for-profit'. In this context it is useful to remember that not-for-profit organizations are also 'not-for-loss' organizations. An organization cannot sustain losses over the long term without ceasing to operate or going bankrupt. Excess of revenue over expenses is the planned financial position that there will always be a sufficient amount of funds on hand to continue to run the not-for-profit entity for some period without additional funding; usually 3-4 months.
INVESTMENT HOLDING COMPANY, generally, is to hold by way of investment any real or personal property whatsoever. Within business, it is a company which holds equity in or invests into other companies as subsidiary or associate companies.
SUSTAINABILITY ACCOUNTING involves linking sustainability initiatives to the entity's strategy, evaluating risks and opportunities, and providing measurement, accounting and performance management skills to ensure that sustainability is embedded into the day-to-day operations of the entity.
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