EXCHANGE RATE MECHANISM (ERM) is the precursor to the European Union's single currency (Euro) by which participating governments committed themselves to maintain the value of their currencies in relation to the European currency unit (Euro).
MONETARY UNIT ASSUMPTION assumes that values can be relevantly measured in current monetary units. It is not necessary that the currency be stable or that inflation effects be negligible. The discount rate (cost of capital) automatically takes into account expected inflationary effect on dollar or inventory values for the specific entity. This supports economic valuation and enhances comparability.
ORIGINAL EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURER (OEM) is a company that builds components or systems that are used in systems or products sold by another company using the purchasing companys brand. Sometimes referred to as "private label."
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