EXCISE TAX is a tax imposed by federal, state, and local governments on an act, occupation, privilege, manufacture, sale, or consumption that is not deductible (e.g., tobacco, gasoline and spirits). This term is in increasing usage to describe almost every tax other than income tax and property tax.
DEPARTMENTAL ACCOUNTING is where departments within an entity have varying degrees of autonomy, but are not usually separated geographically from the rest of the business. They may be concerned with manufacturing or, in the case of a department store, with retailing. Departmental accounts usually include a trading account and may also include a profit and loss account to which overheads are allocated or imputed.
INDIRECT COST is that portion of cost that is indirectly expended in providing a product or service for sale (cannot be traced to a given cost object in an economically feasible manner) and is included in the calculation of COST OF GOODS SOLD, e.g. rent, utilities, equipment maintenance, etc. Opposite of direct cost.
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