EXEMPTED SECURITY is a security that is exempted from SEC regulations, including margin rules. Such securities include U.S. Treasury and government agency securities and municipal securities designated by the SEC.
ACTUAL CASH VALUE (ACV) is the common method of determining the amount of reimbursement for a loss. Normally calculated by determining what it will cost to replace an item at the time of loss after subtracting depreciation.
GOING SHORT is the selling of commodities, bonds, or stock before actually buying it. This happens when a dealer or investor believes the price of the item (on the date of its delivery to the buyer) will be lower than its current price. He or she expects to make a profit by buying the item on or just before its delivery date. See GOING LONG.
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