EXISTENCE Definition

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EXISTENCE, in accounting, deals with whether assets or liabilities exist at a given date. For example, management asserts that finished goods inventories in the balance sheet are available for sale.

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4 Cs OF CREDIT are the four primary considerations that will affect a lenders decision to approve or decline your loan application. Known as the 4 C's of credit:

  1. Capacity - what is your ability to repay the loan? Do you have a job or another income source? Do you have other debts?
  2. Character - will you repay the loan? Have you used credit before? Do you pay your bills on time?
  3. Collateral - if you fail to repay your loan, is there something of value that you agree to forfeit? For example, if you are buying your first car, it could be used as collateral to insure that you will repay the loan. If you default, you lose your car.
  4. Capital (accumulation) - what are you worth? Do you have other assets, such as a savings account, car, or certificate of deposit that could be used to repay the debt?

OFF THE BOOKS is a term associated with transactions which do not appear in any of the financial records kept by a business. Strictly speaking, 'off the books' implies cash payments received for assets (products and services) which are not officially recorded in the accounting system of the business.

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