EXPECTATION GAP, in accounting, is the gap between an auditors actual standard of performance and the more rigorous public expectation of what an auditors performance should be. The users of financial statements should be allowed to expect that the auditors materiality levels correspond with their own. If this is not the case an expectation gap will arise. Especially if the financial statements contain non-corrected known errors or omissions classified as immaterial by the auditor, but classified as material by the users. The unknown material errors and omissions are still a part of the audit risk.
TOP-DOWN APPROACH TO INVESTING is an investment approach that first seeks to define major economic and industry trends, then proceeds to identify the individual companies most likely to benefit from those trends. See BOTTOM-UP APPROACH TO INVESTING.
SOFT CREDIT see ASSOCIATED CREDIT.
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