EXPLANATORY, in accounting, is a paragraph added to an audit report to explain something, such as the reason for a qualified or adverse opinion.
OPEN ITEM is a contractual or scheduled commitment that is not yet reflected in Financial Accounting but will lead to actual expenditures in the future, e.g. a purchase order that is not shipped in full will list those unshipped items as open items within the shipping invoice.
VALUE STOCK is a stock that trades at a lower price relative to its fundamentals (i.e. earnings, dividends, sales, etc.) thereby being considered undervalued by a value investor. Common characteristics of such stocks include a high dividend yield, low price-to-book ratio and/or low price-to-earnings ratio.
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