EXTINGUISHMENT OF DEBT is the debtors satisfaction of the obligation to a creditor, either legally or in-substance. A debt shall be accounted for as having been extinguished in a number of circumstances, including when it has been settled through repayment or replacement by another liability.
LIQUIDITY is a. a companys ability to meet current obligations with cash or other assets that can be quickly converted to cash; b. in securities, it is the ease with which an instrument can be bought or sold at or near prevailing market prices in the secondary market (often reflected by the range of the bid-asked spread).
IOU is an informal debt instrument in the form of a written promise to pay back money owed; e.g., personal loans and professional services.
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