FAIL is the failure of a transaction to be completed. In the settlement of a securities transaction, a fail occurs if the instrument is not paid for or not delivered.
DAYS PAYABLE OUTSTANDING (DPO) is an estimate of the length of time the company takes to pay its vendors after receiving inventory. If the firm receives favorable terms from suppliers, it has the net effect of providing the firm with free financing. If terms are reduced and the company is forced to pay at the time of receipt of goods, it reduces financing by the trade and increases the firms working capital requirements. It is calculated: Days Payable Outstanding = 365 / Payables Turnover (Payables Turnover = Purchases / Payables).
LIQUID is to be in a state of liquidity, i.e., maintain sufficient assets in the form of cash or assets easily convertible to cash to satisfy current liabilities. When speaking of money or an economy: being very liquid means it is driven by primarily by cash, checking/saving accounts, treasury bills, stocks and bonds, etc; while being very illiquid means it is driven primarily by human capital.
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