FAIR VALUE, under GAAP, is the amount at which an asset could be bought or sold in a current transaction between willing parties, other than in liquidation. On the other side of the balance sheet, the fair value of a liability is the amount at which that liability could be incurred or settled in a current transaction between willing parties, other than in liquidation.
MERCHANT BANK is a specialized bank that offers investment services, corporate advice, trade and project finance, exchange rate dealing, etc to their clients worldwide. Sometimes also acts as an issuing bank for stocks and bonds, and can also advise companies involved in mergers.
DEPRECIATED HISTORICAL COST (DHC) is he method of valuation of certain assets at the actual cost of their acquisition and subsequent enhancement less a reduction for depreciation to date.
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