FCIA Definition

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FCIA (FOREIGN CREDIT INSURANCE ACT) is an EximBank program that offers credit insurance against losses due to political conflict or buyer default.

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SHARPE RATIO, named after William P. Sharpe, is a measurement of portfolio trading performance. It is calculated by subtracting risk free rate from total portfolio return, then dividing by the standard deviation of the portfolio:Sharpe ratio = Total portfolio return - Risk free rate / Portfolio standard deviation.

QUALITY OF EARNINGS is the increased earnings due to increased sales and cost controls, as compared to artificial profits created by inflation of inventory or other asset prices.

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