FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (FNMA) is a private corporation chartered by the U.S. Government to provide mortgage money for home buyers. FNMA buys mortgages from lenders and sells mortgages to investors. FNMA guarantees the timely payment of both interest and principal. Also known as "Fannie Mae".

EARNED INCOME is that income realized by the provisioning of goods and services.

NET PRESENT VALUE (NPV) is a method used in evaluating investments, whereby the net present value of all cash outflows (such as the cost of the investment) and cash inflows (returns) is calculated using a given discount rate, usually REQUIRED RATE OF RETURN. An investment is acceptable if the NPV is positive. In capital budgeting, the discount rate used is called the HURDLE RATE and is usually equal to the INCREMENTAL COST OF CAPITAL.

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