FEDERAL OPEN MARKET COMMITTEE Definition

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FEDERAL OPEN MARKET COMMITTEE (FOMC) is a 12-member committee consisting of the seven members of the Federal Reserve Bank and five of the 12 Federal Reserve Bank presidents. The president of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York is a permanent member while the other Federal Reserve presidents serve on a rotating basis. The committee sets objectives for the growth of money and credit that are implemented through purchases and sales of U.S. Government securi­ties in the open market. The FOMC also establishes policy relating to Federal Reserve System operations in the foreign exchange markets.

Learn new Accounting Terms

DIVIDEND RECEIVED DEDUCTION is the reduction of dividend income from the taxable income of the investing corporation, as provided in section 301 of the Internal Revenue Code. Currently, 70% of dividends received from nonaffiliated corporations may be excluded from taxable income.

FISCAL QUARTER is any of the four financial accounting quarters within a fiscal year. See FISCAL YEAR.

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