FIRM QUOTATION is the requirement that a Market Maker execute an order from another broker/dealer at its displayed price for the normal unit of trading, or for its displayed size, whichever is greater.
UNREALIZED is an event having occurred but not yet reflected in a transaction. This refers to unrealized gains and losses, which have not happened but would happen if the investor sold the security or asset that an entity currently holds. Unrealized gains are not usually taxable. It is the opposite of realized.
UNREALIZED LOSS is a term that commonly refers to the write-down of an investment portfolio resulting from applying the lower of cost or market value on an aggregate basis. On a short-term portfolio, the unrealized loss is shown on the income statement. On a long-term portfolio, the unrealized loss is presented as a separate item in the stockholders equity section of the balance sheet.
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