FIXED ASSETS are those assets of a permanent nature required for the normal conduct of a business, and which will not normally be converted into cash during the ensuring fiscal period. For example, furniture, fixtures, land, and buildings are all fixed assets. However, accounts receivable and inventory are not. Sometimes called PLANT.
An indicator of a sustainable competitive advantage is if valuable assets on the books at valuation indicate that they are valued at < market price. If so, it may tell about the mindset of the firm's management looking for sustainable competitive advantages.
AVERAGE PAYMENT PERIOD (APP) is the number of days an entity takes to pay off credit purchases. As the average payment period increases, cash should increase as well, but working capital will remain the same. Formula: accounts payable / (total annual purchases / 360).
BILLBACK, in e-commerce and credit card transactions, is a means of recovering or reducing interchange fees for transactions clearing differently than planned. The processing company (FDC) passes through the charges to the merchant.
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