FIXED COSTS are operating expenses that are incurred to provide facilities and organization that are kept in readiness to do business without regard to actual volumes of production and sales. Fixed costs remain relatively constant until changed by managerial decision. Within general limits they do not vary with business volume. Examples of fixed costs consist of rent, property taxes, and interest expense.
EXERCISE, in business or law, to make use of a right available in a legally binding agreement, e.g. to implement the right of the holder of an option to buy (in the case of a call) or sell (in the case of a put) the underlying security.
MFOA is Municipal Finance Officers Association.
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