FIXED INCOME is any type of investment that yields a regular (fixed) payment. For example, if you borrow money and have to pay interest once a month, you have issued a fixed income security. When a company does this, it is called a bond (although preferred stock is also sometimes considered to be fixed income). The term fixed income is also applied to peoples income which is invariant each period. This could include income derived from fixed income investments such as bonds and preferred stocks or pensions that guarantee a fixed income. See NON-FIXED INCOME.
RETURN ON STOCKHOLDERS EQUITY is a measure of how profitably the company is utilizing shareholders funds. It is calculated: profit after tax + total stockholders equity. Also called RETURN ON NET WORTH.
EFFECTIVE TAX RATE is the net rate a taxpayer pays on income that includes all forms of taxes. It is calculated by dividing the total tax paid by taxable income.
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