FLAG OF CONVENIENCE (FOC) involves the opportunistic registration of ships with national governments that do not impose or effectively administer agreed international standards regarding seaworthiness, safety and health, officer and crew competencies, and employment conditions. For the governments concerned FOC shipping is an easy way to make money. Registration comes at a price in return for turning a blind eye to maritime responsibility, decency and common sense. The classic FOC host has little to do legitimately with the sea and seafaring. For owners of FOC ships, often hidden in corporate mazes and having little to otherwise do with the registering authority, the device is a way of increasing profit margins or turning quick profits.
CONTRIBUTION MARGIN PER UNIT, also known as dollar contribution margin per unit, is the selling price per unit minus the variable cost per unit. The "contribution" represents that portion of sales revenue that is not consumed by variable cost, thereby contributing to the coverage of fixed cost.
DIVISION is a self sufficient unit within a company. A division contains all the functions necessary to operate independently from the parent company.
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