FLAT INTEREST refers to charging interest on the full original loan amount, rather than on the declining balance. With group based loans, for example, a common "interest rate" is "3% per month, flat, for 4 months". This means that a $100 principal amount lent is multiplied by 3%, and then by 4 months to come up with $12 in interest. Thus, $112 would be repaid over 4 months in equal installments.

VERTICAL FINANCIAL ANALYSIS allows comparison of the financial ratios of a company in time - past, present and future.

STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS measures the flow of money in and out of a business. One of four financial statements found in the annual report, it categorizes a companys cash receipts and disbursements for a given fiscal year by three major activities: operations, investments and financing.

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