FLEXIBLE BUDGET is based upon different levels of activity. It is a very useful tool for comparing actual costs experienced to the cost allowable for the activity level achieved, i.e. it is dynamic in nature as compared to static. A series of budgets can be readily developed to fit any activity level. Flexible budgeting distinguishes between fixed and variable cost, thereby allowing for a budget that can be automatically adjusted to the level of activity actually attained.
SG&A refers to the indirect overhead costs contained within the Sales, General and Administrative expense/cost categories. Generally, SG&A expenses of <30% are exceptional, while SG&A approaching 100% indicates a highly competitive industry. Consistency of SG&A is key.
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