FREE CASH FLOW is net income plus non-cash charges to income, specifically depreciation and amortization less capital expenditures, to sustain the basic business. Free cash flow per share is a measure of the amount of cash per share a business generates after expenditures for equipment or buildings. Free cash flow is available to be used for expansion, dividends, reduction in debt, or other purposes. Free cash flow is valued more than just about any other measure, including earnings (EPS). Cash assists companies to expand, develop new products, stock buy back, pay dividends, or reduce debt. Many analysts focus on free cash flow for insight into the core of a company's cash-generating engine.
GREENMAIL, in the U.S., payment by a takeover target to a potential bidder, usually to buy back acquired shares at a premium - in return for the predator not pursuing the bid.
CONTRACT LAW is that body of law which regulates the enforcement of contracts. Contract law has its origins thousands of years ago as the early civilizations began to trade with each other, a legal system was created to support and to facilitate that trade. The English and French developed similar contract law systems, both referring extensively to old Roman contract law principles such as consensus ad idem or caveat emptor. There are some minor differences on points of detail such as the English law requirement that every contract contain consideration. More and more states are changing their laws to eliminate consideration as a prerequisite to a valid contract thus contributing to the uniformity of law. Contract law is the basis of all commercial dealings from buying a bus ticket to trading on the stock market.
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