FREE CASH FLOW is net income plus non-cash charges to income, specifically depreciation and amortization less capital expenditures, to sustain the basic business. Free cash flow per share is a measure of the amount of cash per share a business generates after expenditures for equipment or buildings. Free cash flow is available to be used for expansion, dividends, reduction in debt, or other purposes. Free cash flow is valued more than just about any other measure, including earnings (EPS). Cash assists companies to expand, develop new products, stock buy back, pay dividends, or reduce debt. Many analysts focus on free cash flow for insight into the core of a company's cash-generating engine.
UNIT COST see OBJECT COST.
PERSONAL EQUITY PLAN (PEP) was an investment plan in the U.K. that used to allow people over the age of 18 to invest in shares of U.K. companies. The plan encouraged investment by individuals. Discontinued in 1999, it was replaced by Individual Savings Accounts (ISA). It was done through an approved plan, qualifying unit trust, or investment trust. Investors received both income and capital gains free of tax.
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