FRESH START ACCOUNTING Definition

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FRESH START ACCOUNTING, upon emergence from bankruptcy, the consolidated financial statements of the "Successor Company" apply the provisions of fresh start accounting in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). Under fresh start accounting, a new reporting entity, the 'Successor Company', is deemed to be created, and the recorded amounts of assets and liabilities are adjusted to reflect their fair value. As a result, the reported historical financial statements of the 'Predecessor Company' generally are not comparable to those of the "Successor Company".

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GOVERNMENT NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (GNMA) is a corporation owned by the U.S. Government within the Department of Housing and Urban Develop­ment with the authority to fully guarantee the timely payment of principal and interest on securities collateral­ized by FHA-insured or VA-guaranteed mortgages. GNMA is commonly called "Ginnie Mae:' GNMA I securities are single-issuer pools. GNMA II securities are collateralized by multiple-issuer pools or custom pools (one issuer but different interest rates that may vary within one percentage point). Multiple-issuer pools are known as "Jumbos:' Standard GNMAs have a stated maturity of 30 years.

TRANSLATION EXPOSURE, in foreign exchange, is to convert the results of foreign operations from the local currency to the home currency in the areas of paper exchange gains or losses; it is retrospective and short-term in nature.

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