FUNCTIONAL CURRENCY Definition

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FUNCTIONAL CURRENCY, generally, is the currency of record for any given entity. Within the context of foreign currency, it is the currency which a foreign subsidiary handles on a day-to-day basis in generating net cash flows. It is normally the currency of the country in which the subsidiary operates, but may be the currency of the parent company.

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CASH FLOW FROM OPERATIONS is the sum of all the individual operating activity cash flow line items, less cash realized from the sale of extraordinary items, e.g., fixed assets.

EQUITY INSTRUMENT covers any share (or part thereof) in the equity share capital of a company (or a comparable member's interest in a close corporation). The term also includes share options and any other financial instrument convertible into a share (such as a convertible debenture).

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