FUNCTIONAL-BASED ACCOUNTING Definition

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FUNCTIONAL-BASED ACCOUNTING focuses on organizational units such as departments and plants, uses financial outcome measures and static standards and benchmarks to evaluate performance, and emphasizes status quo and organizational stability. On the other hand, activity-based accounting focuses on processes, uses both operational and financial measures and dynamic standards, and emphasizes and supports continuous improvement. Activity-based accounting adds a process perspective.

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FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS are prospective financial statements that present, given one or more hypothetical assumptions, an entity's expected financial position, results of operations, and changes in financial position. A financial projection includes several alternative scenarios while a forecast is the single most likely scenario.

INVENTORY TRANSFER can be a process by which inventory is physically tracked from location to location, e.g. from warehouse to shop floor; or, the transfer of assets from one account to another within the same or an alternate entity.

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