FUND BALANCE is when liabilities are subtracted from assets, there is a fund balance. A positive fund balance means there are more assets than liabilities; a negative fund balance means just the opposite. Fund balance can be complicated by the fact that part of the fund balance is reserved and part unreserved. The difference between reserved and unreserved is that the unreserved can potentially be authorized for future expenditures while the reserved cannot. Additionally, the fund balance is a residual and not necessarily a cash amount.
PURCHASE AND INSTALLMENT SALEBACK, in real estate, is a contract purchase of real property upon the completion of construction. The subject property is then immediately sold back on a long-term installment contract.
CAPITAL EMPLOYED is the value of the assets that contribute to a companys ability to generate revenue, i.e., fixed assets plus current assets minus current liabilities.
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