FUND BALANCE is when liabilities are subtracted from assets, there is a fund balance. A positive fund balance means there are more assets than liabilities; a negative fund balance means just the opposite. Fund balance can be complicated by the fact that part of the fund balance is reserved and part unreserved. The difference between reserved and unreserved is that the unreserved can potentially be authorized for future expenditures while the reserved cannot. Additionally, the fund balance is a residual and not necessarily a cash amount.
LIFTING & OPERATING EXPENSE (LOE), in the oil/energy industry, within any accounting period, it is all cash costs incurred in connection with the running and maintenance of production wells.
INVESTMENT TAX CREDIT is a tax credit in the United States that allows businesses to write-off a portion of the cost of purchasing equipment for business use.
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