FUNDAMENTALS are factors which are 'fundamental' to the working of a company's business, its profitability, operating costs, product prices, technical innovations, etc. Company analysis taking into account these fundamental factors facilitates share valuation. See FUNDAMENTAL ANALYSIS.
YIELD CURVE, in investments, is a graph depicting the change in yield as it relates to the time to maturity of a fixed income security. A parallel yield curve shift refers to a change in interest rates that is the same at every maturity point along the yield curve, e.g., when short-term rates rise 100 basis points, intermediate and long-term rates also rise 100 basis points.
EXTINGUISHMENT OF DEBT is the debtors satisfaction of the obligation to a creditor, either legally or in-substance. A debt shall be accounted for as having been extinguished in a number of circumstances, including when it has been settled through repayment or replacement by another liability.
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