GASB 34 is Government Accounting Standards Board Statement 34. GASB 34 provides the broadest changes in government accounting practices since the inception of Generally Accepted Accounting Practice (GAAP) for governmental agencies dating back to the 1930s. The principal change that GASB 34 requires of government entities is the reporting of the value of capital assets on Consolidated Annual Financial Reports (CAFR).
COLLECTIVE INVESTMENT SCHEME, globally, is any arrangement for pooling several investors funds so that the pooled fund can obtain economies of scale and a spread of investments beyond the reach of individual investors. It is usually called an investment company in the U.S.A.
INCOME AFTER TAXES is the net profit earned by the company after deducting all expenses like interest, depreciation and tax. PAT can be fully retained by a company to be used in the business. Dividends, if declared, are paid to the share holders from this residue.
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