GEOGRAPHICAL SEGMENT Definition

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GEOGRAPHICAL SEGMENT is a component of an enterprise that (a) provides products and services within a particular economic environment and (b) that is subject to risks and returns that are different from those of components operating in other economic environments.

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PASSIVE ACTIVITY is defined in the US Tax Code as one or more trades, business or rental activity that the taxpayer does not materially participate in managing or running. All income and losses from passive activities are grouped together on an income tax return and, generally, loss deductions are limited or suspended until the passive activity that generated them is disposed of in its entirety.

MORTGAGE-BACKED SECURITY is a security that returns principal and interest monthly as payments are received on the underlying mortgages. Mortgage-backed securities are made up of individual home mortgages guaranteed by the government and its agencies. The mortgages are packaged into pools by the Government National Mortgage Association (GNMA), the Federal National Mortgage Association (FNMA), the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corp. (FHLMC) or a nongovernment-affiliated entity. Unscheduled repayment of principal can shorten the maturity of the bonds.

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