GOVERNMENT AUDITING STANDARDS is a book issued by the comptroller general of the United States, sometimes called the "yellow book." Government Auditing Standards contains standards for audits of government organizations, programs, activities, and functions and of government assistance received by organizations. The audit is designed to provide reasonable assurance of detecting material misstatements resulting from noncompliance with provisions of contracts or grant agreements that have a direct and material effect on determination of financial statement amounts, are followed when required by law, regulation, agreement, contract, or policy.
INVESTMENT EXPENSE is any cost of investment realized aside from the principal investment itself. For example:, in mutual funds, investment expesne is normally contained within five types of investment costs that must be measured to determine your total investment expense: a. Annual mutual fund expenses (i.e. the expense ratio) b. Front or back end sales loads; c. Portfolio turnover and trading costs for the fund (i.e. bid/ask spread, premium for large block trades, etc.) d. Brokerage commissions; and, e. Other (i.e., wrap account fees, annuity mortality & expense charges, etc.).
CHECK DIGIT is a redundant digit added to a code to check accuracy of other characters in the code.
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