GOVERNMENT PROVISION OF DEPOSIT INSURANCE affects banks' demands for deposits and households' (and others') supply of deposits to banks. The banking industry models deposit insurance premiums that banks pay as a fixed share of deposits. As is the case for many government subsidies, the government subsidies attributable to the under-pricing of deposit insurance are likely to be shared with depositors (and bank customers more generally) because that subsidy lowers the cost of providing that insurance. In response to the subsidy, banks raise the deposit interest rates that they pay. In doing so, banks transfer some of the government subsidy to depositors.
SUPPLIER FINANCING is where the trade assists in meeting credit needs of a customer, e.g. a trade credit line may be negotiated to where a supplier may give 90 to 120 days to pay for the goods plus an interest charge.
DISCOUNT is a decrease in value (often due to interest to be earned) or decrease in price.
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