GRANDFATHERED INVESTMENTS are Municipal bonds and equities acquired on or before August 7,1986, the effective date of changes in tax rates caused by the Tax Reform Act of 1986. These investments are not subject to the 5.1 % property-casualty insurance company proration tax.
PROVISION FOR CREDIT LOSSES, in lending institutions, is a charge to income which represents an expense deemed adequate by management given the composition of a bank's credit portfolios, their probability of default, the economic environment and the allowance for credit losses already established. Specific provisions are established to reduce the book value of specific assets (primarily loans) to establish the amount expected to be recovered on the loans. See also PROVISION.
BANK RECONCILIATION is the verification of a bank statement balance and the depositor's checkbook balance.
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