GROSS PROFIT MARGIN ON SALES (GPM) is one of the key performance indicators. The gross profit margin gives an indication on whether the average markup on goods and services is sufficient to cover expenses and make a profit. GPM shows the relationship between sales and the direct cost of products/services sold. It measures the ability of both to control costs and to pass along price increases through sales to customers. The gross profit margin should be stable over time. A persistent gradual decrease is likely to indicate that productivity needs to be increased to return profitability back to previous levels. Generally:
>40% = Indicates a sustainable competitive advantage
< 40% = Indicates competition may be eroding margins
< 20% = There is likely no sustainable competitive advantage
Formula: Gross Profit / Net Revenue
CONDUCIVE is tending to bring about or being partly responsible for, e.g. current working conditions may not be conducive to productivity.
LEAD-TIME is the time between the initial stage of a project or policy and the appearance of results, for example, the long lead-time in oil production because of the need for new field exploration and drilling.
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