GROSS SURPLUS RATIO measures the margin on each dollar of operating revenue for the entity in question. The operating results before interest and depreciation, or gross surplus, are calculated as a percentage of total operating revenue. The gross surplus ratio shows the gross surplus as a percentage of the entitys turnover. If the percentage is high this could be interpreted as a sign that the entity is operating efficiently.
TESTIMONY is evidence given by a competent witness under oath.
CASH DISBURSEMENTS/PAYMENTS JOURNAL is the journal recording all disbursements (or payments).
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