HAIRCUT is the amount of reduction in market value given to securities pledged as collateral, typically in a repurchase agreement or a reverse repurchase agreement. This reduction assures the lender of funds in this type of transaction that, even if the collateral's market value declines, there is time to call for additional collateral to bring the collateral value back up to an acceptable level.
TONE AT THE TOP refers to how an organization's leadership creates the tone at the top - an ethical (or unethical) atmosphere in the workplace. Management's tone has a trickle-down effect on employees. If top managers uphold ethics and integrity so will employees. But if upper management appears unconcerned with ethics and focuses solely on the bottom line, employees will be more prone to commit fraud and feel that ethical conduct isn't a priority. In short, employees will follow the examples of their bosses
STATUTE is an act passed by a legislative body, e.g. U.S. Congress.
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