HISTORICAL COST ACCOUNTING is an accounting principle requiring all financial statement items to be based on original cost. It is usually based upon the dollar amount originally exchanged in an arms-length transaction; an amount assumed to reflect the fair market value of an item at the transaction date.
ASSET TURNOVER RATIO is a general measure of a firms ability to generate sales in relation to total assets. It should be used only to compare firms within specific industry groups and in conjunction with other operating ratios to determine the effective employment of assets. Formula: REVENUE/ASSETS.
PRE-TAX INCOME/PROFIT see PROFIT BEFORE TAXES.
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