HISTORICAL COST ACCOUNTING Definition

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HISTORICAL COST ACCOUNTING is an accounting principle requiring all financial statement items to be based on original cost. It is usually based upon the dollar amount originally exchanged in an arms-length transaction; an amount assumed to reflect the fair market value of an item at the transaction date.

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DEPRECIATION SCHEDULE is the statement, over time, as to the schedule (timing and amounts) of depreciation of any long-term asset. A depreciation schedule is used for any type of depreciation applicable, i.e., either straight line or accelerated depreciation. See DEPRECIATION.

DEBT CONSOLIDATION is initiating one loan to pay off many others. This is often done to secure a lower interest rate, secure a fixed interest rate or for the convenience of servicing only one loan.

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