HOLDBACK is a portion of a construction loan that is not funded until the subject project is nearing completion, or the borrower has satisfied certain contractual performance requirements, such as leasing a majority of the space in the building. The amount held back is often equal to the construction firms projected profit when the building is completed.
ENGINEERED COSTS are those costs having a clear linkage to output, e.g., direct materials costs.
LONG-TERM is a long period of time. In securities, for a bond it is 10 or more years or as it relates to a buy and hold investment strategy. In accounting, it is thought of as being in excess of 12 months, e.g. long-term liabilities. See SHORT-TERM.
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